1. General Model Information
Main medium: terrestrial+aquatic
Main subject: geology, paleohydrogeology, geomorphology
Organization level: Landscape
Type of model: partial differential equations (finite elements,2D)
Main application: research
Keywords: basin,sedimentation,compaction,fluid flow,solute transport,heat transport,carbonate-clastic interaction,facies-distribution
Dr. Klaus Bitzer
Departament de Geoquimica, Petrologia y Prospeccio Geologica
Facultad de Geologia
Zona Universitaria de Pedralbes
Phone: 93 402 1417
Fax: 93 402 1340
BASIN is a finite-element program, that simulates the filling of a sedimentary basin
and includes transport, erosion and consolidation of sediment, tectonic processes like
isostatic compensation, consolidational fluid flow,
topography driven fluid flow, heat flow including advection, solute transport.
It incorporates a physically consistent compaction
model based on the equation of state for porosity. A description of some underlying
principles can be found in Bitzer (1994) and Bitzer (1996).
BASINVIEW is a visualisation tool for fast analysis of simulation results.
Results from experiments with BASIN may be quite numerous
(in some cases may exceed 600 files) and BASINVIEW is a fast visualisation tool designed
to work with GhostScript.
So far, only distensive basin configurations have been analysed by other authors.
BASIN, however, is capable of modeling compressive situations as well.
Such situations are much more difficult to handle because of the extreme changes of
basin geometry due to the compression. BASIN does not provide a structural simulation.
Instead, the presumed structural evolution is used as input data in order to simulate
subsidence, fluid flow, heat flow and evolution of petrophysical data like porosity,
compressibility etc. A simple molasse-like experiment showing a compressive basin with
thrust sheets ariving from the right can be viewed as a
The file has about 1 Mb and you will need Sparkle to visualize it.
The experiment demonstrated in the film applies only few elements, however it contains
some of the basic features of a molasse basin.
Graphics created with BASINVIEW can be printed on any printer.
Another version (AIBASIN) creates Adobe Illustrator files that allow further graphic
II. Technical Information
Fortran 77 code and a sample experiment can be copied via anonymous ftp at granado.csic.es/pub/ija
There is also an anonymous ftp link at pangea.usask.ca /pub/basin.
MS-Word Info Document
III. Mathematical Information
Bitzer, K. (1994): Porenwasserbewegung und Stofftransport bei der Konsolidation klastischer Sedimente.- Freib. Geowiss. Beitr., v. 5, 210 p.
Bitzer, K. (1996): Modeling sediment consolidation in sedimenary basins.- Computer & Geosciences, 22, 5, p. 467-478.
V. Further information in the World-Wide-Web
VI. Additional remarks
Last review of this document by:
Status of the document:
last modified by
Tobias Gabele Wed Aug 21 21:44:39 CEST 2002