1. General Model Information

Name: Mechanistic physiological process-based cotton growth model

Acronym: COTCO2

Main medium: terrestrial
Main subject: biogeochemistry
Organization level: organism
Type of model: compartment model, ordinary differential equations
Main application:
Keywords: crop, cotton growth, plant water use, crop yield, growth model, process based, organ level


Dr. Gerard Wall
U.S. Water Conservation Laboratory
4331 E. Broadway Phoenix, AZ85018
Fax : 602-379-4355
email: gwall@water1.uswcl.ars.ag.gov


Jeff Amthor, Gerard Wall, and Bruce Kimball.


COTCO2 is a mechanistic physiological process-based cotton growth model. There were four main objectives for developing the COTCO2 model:

Model input data include air temperature, humidity and solar radiation, wind speed, precipitation, irrigation, fertilizer, planting information and soil properties. From this input data the model can simulate plant growth data (organ or whole plant), plant water use and crop yields for a full season.

Author of the abstract:


II. Technical Information

II.1 Executables:

Operating System(s): Has been tested on Sun SPARC II workstation.

II.2 Source-code:

Programming Language(s): FORTRAN 77

II.3 Manuals:

II.4 Data:

For assessment-type studies the climate data could be obtainedfrom the National Climate Center in Asheville, NC. and the soils data from soil surveys.

III. Mathematical Information

III.1 Mathematics

III.2 Quantities

III.2.1 Input

Hourly air temperature and humidity and solar radiation.These can be simulated by the program from daily min/ max temperature, daily total solarradiation, and average daily vapor pressure if necessary. Also wind speed, precipitation, irrigation,fertilization, planting density, date of planning, row spacing, soil properties, etc.

III.2.2 Output

Growth data of all plant organs or whole plant hour by hour or at variousintervals. Similarly, for plant water use. Plant temperature, final yield.
Temporal Scale:
Variable, but nominally 1 hour for plant physiological processes. Soil processesgenerally faster, 1 minute.
Spatial Scale:
The model seeks to model the growth of the representative plant in a field, as thescale is that of a farmer's field.

IV. References

WALL, G.W., J.S. AMTHOR, and B.A. KIMBALL. 1994. COTCO2: A cotton growth simulationmodel for global change. Agric. & Forest Meteorol. 70:289-342.

V. Further information in the World-Wide-Web

VI. Additional remarks

This plant growth simulation model can incorporate the effects of CO2 andclimate variables on physiological processes. It can provide growth resultsfrom conditions as close as possible to field condition in a future high-CO2atmosphere and be used to determine long term effects of elevated CO2 on plantgrowth
Last review of this document by: T. Gabele: 24. 6. 1997 -
Status of the document:
last modified by Tobias Gabele Wed Aug 21 21:44:41 CEST 2002

Go back to Register of Ecological Models (R E M)