1. General Model Information

Name: European Forest Information Model

Acronym: EFISCEN

Main medium: terrestrial
Main subject: forestry
Organization level: Not applicable
Type of model: Markov chain
Main application: scenario studies, other, decision support/expert system, database
Keywords: national scale, long term projections, Europe, matrix model, forest resources, forest inventory, carbon stocks, natural disturbances


Nabuurs, G.J.
Alterra, PO Box 47,
NL-6700 AA Wageningen,
The Netherlands

email: nabuurs@efi.fi
Homepage: http://www.efi.fi/


G.J. Nabuurs, R. Paivinen, A. Pussinen, M.J. Schelhaas, A. Schuck, S. Zudin


The European Forest Information Scenario Model (EFISCEN) is a large-scale matrix model, which compiles information on forest resources in Europe and produces projections of the possible future development of forest resources on a period of up to 50-60 years. It uses forest inventory data as input. EFISCEN has been applied to all European countries and some regions in Russia. The current version of EFISCEN also provides a platform to calculate carbon stocks and flows in trees and forest soils based on forest inventory data. In 2002/2003, EFISCEN is used in the European Forest Sector Outlook Study of the UN-ECE. A module dealing with natural disturbances was added, but this version has only be applied to some case studies. The model is owned by Alterra (NL) and the European Forest Institute (FI).

II. Technical Information

II.1 Executables:

Operating System(s): MS Windows, DOS
How to get the model: Please contact the authors

II.2 Source-code:

Programming Language(s): Fortran, currently re-written in C++

II.3 Manuals:

Manual for the European Forest Information Scenario Model (EFISCEN 2.0)

II.4 Data:

Input data consists of detailed results of national forest inventories (see manual).

Input database available:
The EFISCEN European Forest Resource Database (EEFR)

III. Mathematical Information

III.1 Mathematics

see manual

III.2 Quantities

III.2.1 Input

Area, current standing volume and increment per age class by tree species (group) and/or region, owner class, site class. Scenario input: required harvest, afforestation, possible changes in growth rate due to climate change.

III.2.2 Output

Output per 5 year period: Forest area, standing volume, increment, harvest, tree species distribution, optional carbon stocks, including wood products compartment.

IV. References

Nabuurs, G. J., M. J. Schelhaas, et al. (2000). “Validation of the European forest information scenario model (EFISCEN) and a projection of Finnish forests.” Silva Fennica 34(2): 167-179.

Nabuurs, G. J. (2001). European forests in the 21st century: impacts of nature-oriented forest management assessed with a large scale scenario model. Joensuu and Wageningen., PhD Thesis University of Joensuu. European Forest Institute and Alterra,: 130.

Nabuurs, G.J., Päivinen, R., Schelhaas, M.J., Pussinen, A., Verkaik, E., Lioubimov, A., Mohren G.M.J. (2001). Nature-Oriented Forest Management in Europe: Modeling the Long-Term Effects. Journal of Forestry 99(7), p. 28-33.

Nabuurs, G. J., A. Pussinen, et al. (2002). “Stemwood volume increment changes in European forests due to climate change-a simulation study with the EFISCEN model.” Global Change Biology 8(4): 304-316.

Nabuurs, G. J., D. de Goede, et al. (2002). “Long term international impacts of nature oriented forest management on European forests - an assessment with the EFISCEN model.” Journal of World Forest Resource Management 9: 101-129.

Nabuurs, G.J., Päivinen, R., Pussinen, A., Schelhaas, M.J. (2003). European forests until 2050 - a projection of forests and forest management in thirty countries. European Forest Institute Research Report 15. Brill. Leiden, Boston, Kölln. 242 p.

Pussinen, A., G.J. Nabuurs, M.J. Schelhaas & R. Päivinen: Endlose Forstressourcen in Europa! Oder vielleicht doch nicht? AFZ Wald 55 (2000), 11: 568-570.

Schelhaas, M. J., G. J. Nabuurs, et al. (2002). “Adding natural disturbances to a large-scale forest scenario model and a case study for Switzerland.” Forest Ecology and Management 167(1-3): 13-26.

Schelhaas, M.J., Cerny, M., Buksha, I.F., Cienciala, E., Csoka, P., Karjalainen, T., Kolozs, L., Nabuurs, G.J., Pasternak, V., Pussinen, A., Sodor, M., Wawrzoniak, J., In Press. Scenarios on forest management in Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Ukraine. European Forest Institute Research Report 17. Brill. Leiden, Boston, Kölln.

Schelhaas, M.J., J. van Brusselen, A. Pussinen, E. Pesonen, A. Schuck, G.J. Nabuurs, V. Sasse. In Prep. Outlook for the development of European forest resources. A study prepared for the European Forest Sector Outlook Study (EFSOS). Geneva Timber and Forest Discussion Paper, ECE/TIM/DP/XX. UN-ECE, Geneva.

Verkaik, E. and G. J. Nabuurs (2000). “Wood Production Potentials of Fenno-Scandinavian Forests Under Nature-Orientated Management.” Scandinavian Journal for Forest research 15: 445-454.

V. Further information in the World-Wide-Web

VI. Additional remarks

Last review of this document by: : Thu Jan 8 14:08:22 2004
Status of the document: Contributed by M.J. Schelhaas
last modified by Joachim Benz Tue Jan 13 11:48:32 CET 2004

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