1. General Model Information

Name: Giant Panda-Bamboo Popluation Dynamics Model

Acronym: GIANT

Main medium: terrestrial
Main subject: population dynamics, biogeochemistry
Organization level: ecosystem
Type of model: compartment model, ordinary differential equations
Main application:
Keywords: giant panda, Ailuropoda melanoleuca, bamboo, population dynamics, conservation biology, extinction, die-off, growth model, STELLA simulation


Jacoby Carter

National Wetlands Research Center

700 Cajundome Blvd. Lafayette LA USA, 70503
Phone: 318-266-8620
Fax : 318-266-8586
email: carterj@nwrc.gov


Carter J., Wang, H.


The giant panda, Ailuropoda melanoleuca, is a highly specialized carnivore whose diet consists almost entirely of various species of bamboo. Bamboo is a family of grass species that often exhibit synchronous semelparity. That is, all the bamboo of a given species in a given area tend to flower and die at the same time. This can create localized drops in carrying capacity for the giant panda.
We create a model using STELLA, a flow modeling language, to examine the population dynamics of the giant panda and explore long term bamboo panda interactions. The model was particularly sensitive to rate changes in birth rates and juvenile survivorship. The populations in the model were also sensitive to losses of adult reproductive age individuals. Bamboo die-offs were most severe when the periods between flowering were longest.

II. Technical Information

II.1 Executables:

Operating System(s): Windows, Mac carterj@nwrc.gov

II.2 Source-code:

Programming Language(s): STELLA carterj@nwrc.gov

II.3 Manuals:

II.4 Data:

From the literature

III. Mathematical Information

III.1 Mathematics

III.2 Quantities

III.2.1 Input

III.2.2 Output

IV. References

Carter, J. & Wang, H. (1993): A model linking the population dynamics of the giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) with bamboo life history.
in Transactions of the International Union of Game Biologist Congress vol. 21, August 15-20, 1993, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. pg 299-309.

V. Further information in the World-Wide-Web

VI. Additional remarks

Model was created to link bamboo dynamics with giant pandapopulation dynamics. Information about 6 bamboo species wereused. See author for addional information.
Last review of this document by: T. Gabele: 12. 6. 1997 -
Status of the document:
last modified by Tobias Gabele Wed Aug 21 21:44:44 CEST 2002

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